The Kingdom of Norway (Norwegian: Kongeriket Norge - bokmål; Kongeriket Noreg - nynorsk) is a Nordic country on the western part of the Scandinavian Peninsula. Norway shares borders with Sweden, Finland and Russia. Norway has a very elongated shape. The country's extensive coastline along the North Atlantic Ocean is home to its famous fjords. The Kingdom of Norway also includes the Arctic island territories of Svalbard and Jan Mayen. Norway is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of government.
Norway is a rugged and mountainous country, containing a great variety of natural features caused by prehistoric glaciers. The most noticeable of these are the fjords, deep grooves cut into the land that flooded with water. The largest of these is Sognefjorden. Norway also contains many glaciers and waterfalls. Because of the gulf stream and prevailing westerlies, Norway experiences warmer temperatures and more precipitation than expected at such northern latitudes, especially along the coast.
The Norwegian language has two official written forms, Bokmål and Nynorsk.They are both used in public administration, in schools, churches, radio and television, but Bokmål is used by the majority. Around ninetyfive pefrcemt of the population speak Norwegian as their native tongue, although many speak dialects that differ significantly from the written language. Several Sami languages are spoken and written throughout the country, especially in the north, by the Sami people. In Norwegian public schools, the most studied foreign language is English and is required for middle and high school-level students.