The Republic of Finland (Finnish: Suomi, Suomen tasavalta, Swedish: Republiken Finland) isaNordic countrry that borders on the Scandinavian Peninsula with Sweden to the west, Russia to the east and Norway to the north while Estonia lies to its south. Finland is bounded by the Baltic Sea with the Gulf of Finland to the south and the Gulf of Bothnia to the west.
Finland is a country of thousands of lakes and islands It has187,888 lakes and 179,584 islands One of these lakes, Saimaa, is the 5th largest in Europe. Finland is mostly flat with few hills and its highest point, the Halti at 1,328 metres, is found in the extreme north of Lapland at the border between Finland and Norway. Finland is covered mostly by coniferous taiga forests, fens, and with little arable land. inland is near enough to the Atlantic Ocean to be continuously warmed by the Gulf Stream, which explains the unusually warm climate considering the absolute latitude.
A quarter of Finland's territory lies above the Arctic Circle, and as a consequence the midnight sun can be experienced. At Finland's northernmost point, the sun does not set for 73 consecutive days during summer, and does not rise at all for 51 days in winter.
Unlike Denmark, Norway, and Sweden,which are constitutional monarchies, Finland has a republican form of government.
The Sami are an indigenous people living in Finland, Sweden, Norway and Russia. In addition to their own Sami languages, they have their own way of life, identity and culture. Common history, traditions, livelihoods and customs unite the Sami living in different countries